Central Asia 公開
[search 0]
もっと
Download the App!
show episodes
 
Artwork

1
Spotlight on Central Asia

spotlightoncentralasia

Unsubscribe
Unsubscribe
月ごとの
 
A fortnightly analysis podcast focusing on Central Asia and its place in the world, with news and experts from the region. Brought to you by The Oxus Society. Hosted by Michael HIlliard and Alimana Zhanmukanova
  continue reading
 
Artwork

1
Central Asia Inside/Out

Central Asia Inside/Out

Unsubscribe
Unsubscribe
月ごとの
 
This podcast highlights the research of the Central European University students on historical, cultural, socio-political issues related to Central Asia. The project is based on two perspectives that stem from the backgrounds of two hosts: Elmira from Kazakhstan and Grace from the US. This ‘inside/out’ perspective will shed light on persistent assumptions about this region. Episodes will investigate different research approaches from the perspectives of local and external scholars, tradition ...
  continue reading
 
本人曾居住中東與中亞地區服務多年,對中東與中亞相關事務非常熟悉。針對這些一般亞洲人比較少關注的,但又是國際政治的聚焦重點地區,特別開設此一頻道,以講解相關國家背景、歷史、目前國情狀況與國際新聞上牽涉這些地區的新聞說明解釋。 所有各集說法僅代表本人意見,歡迎大家針對有興趣的主題收聽。 歐亞大陸遊牧民族的歷史研究,純粹個人喜好,中國正統朝代的歷史我沒興趣,但這些隱藏在歷史帷幕後的遊牧民族縱橫歐亞大陸東西,少數民族建國圖生存,歷史上沒有提到的東西方交流才是我最有興趣的重點。 歡迎介紹給更多想增加知識的朋友一起來聽我講故事。如果有專門想聽的主題,或我哪邊講錯想訂正的,歡迎來信 yupingsu@hotmail.com 也可以在臉書上搜尋【外交官講中東與中亞】的粉絲頁與我交流喔。 2022年本人出版書籍包括 1. 聖地出任務-台灣國際志工故事集 2. 勇抗強權-阿富汗 3. 台以關係百年史:外交官眼中的以色列 4. 從奴隸到霸主:俄羅斯人的故事 5. 遷徙與戰鬥-突厥人的故事 歡迎大家到博客來、誠品、露天、金石堂等處購買。 https://search.books.com.tw/sear ...
  continue reading
 
Loading …
show series
 
Through stunning images, maps and insightful commentary, Life & Legacy: A Window into Jewish Life Across the Islamic World (U Groningen Press, 2023) offers a glimpse into the diversity, historical legacy, and rich culture of Jewish communities within the Muslim world. From the growing Jewish community of Dubai to ancient synagogues and shrines, the…
  continue reading
 
The “barbarian” nomads of the Eurasian steppes have played a decisive role in world history, but their achievements have gone largely unnoticed. These nomadic tribes have produced some of the world’s greatest conquerors: Attila the Hun, Genghis Khan and Tamerlane, among others. Their deeds still resonate today. Indeed, these nomads built long-lasti…
  continue reading
 
Picturing Russian Empire (Oxford UP, 2023) appears as Russia’s imperialist war of aggression against Ukraine grinds on. The stakes could not be higher. It follows that grappling with Russia’s imperial history is inescapable. After all, “[s]elective, exaggerated or patently false reimaginings” of the past “have been central to Russia’s justification…
  continue reading
 
In this interview we deep dive into the historiographical issues of the texts in The Rise of the Mongols: Five Chinese Sources (Hackett, 2021), edited and translated by Christopher P. Atwood, with Lynn Struve. For a complementary, more general interview of the book dealing with the period under discussion listeners can also check out the July 2023 …
  continue reading
 
Moscow's Heavy Shadow: The Violent Collapse of the USSR (Cornell University Press, 2023) by Dr. Isaac Mckean Scarborough tells the story of the collapse of the USSR from the perspective of the many millions of Soviet citizens who experienced it as a period of abjection and violence. Mikhail Gorbachev and the leaders of the USSR saw the years of ref…
  continue reading
 
The Secret History of the Mongols is one of the literary wonders of the world. Writing in the thirteenth century, the Secret Historian - whose identity remains unknown - combines insider history and verse to chronicle the life of Chingghis Khan and the empire he founded. In an evocative new translation, Chris Atwood brings to life for contemporary …
  continue reading
 
Antony Kalashnikov's Monuments for Posterity: Self-Commemoration and the Stalinist Culture of Time (Cornell UP, 2023) analyzes Stalinist monument-building. From the 1930's through the Great Patriotic War, architectural monuments such as subway stations were designed to emphasize the perpetual endurance of the nation, regardless of the many crises o…
  continue reading
 
Bookshop.org is an online book retailer that donates more than 80% of its profits to independent bookstores. Launched in 2020, Bookshop.org has already raised more than $27,000,000. In this interview, Andy Hunter, founder and CEO discusses his journey to creating one of the most revolutionary new organizations in the book world. Bookshop has found …
  continue reading
 
In Central Asia: A New History from the Imperial Conquests to the Present (Princeton University Press, 2021), Adeeb Khalid presents a comprehensive narrative of modern Central Asian history based on original research and an exhaustive synthesis of recent scholarship. Khalid explores how the modern forces of empire, revolution, and communism (and it…
  continue reading
 
By placing the party grassroots at the centre of its focus, Yiannis Kokosalakis' book Building Socialism: The Communist Party and the Making of the Soviet System, 1921–1941 (Cambridge UP, 2023) presents an original account of the formative first two decades of the Soviet system. Assembled in a large network of primary party organisations (PPO), the…
  continue reading
 
In the second half of the 19th century, both professional and amateur archaeologists, surveyors, and explorers of the “periphery” of the Russian Empire became increasingly interested in the perceived ancient nomadic histories of Siberia, Central Asia, and Ukraine. Their excavations of “nomadic sites” associated with the Scythians or the Mongol Empi…
  continue reading
 
In part two of our conversation about his book The Mongol Storm: Making and Breaking Empires in the Medieval Near East (Basic Books, 2022), Nicholas Morton, Associate Professor of History at Nottingham Trent University, joins me to share more about his research into Mongol imperial expansion and the Mongol conquests of the Near East. In this episod…
  continue reading
 
In the late 19th century, a group of Mennonites leave Russia for what is now Uzbekistan. Driven out by Russian demands that the pacifist group make themselves available for conscription, and pushed forward by prophecies of the imminent return of Christ, over a hundred families travel in a grueling journey, eventually building a settlement and churc…
  continue reading
 
Alexander Jabbari’s The Making of Persianate Modernity: Language and Literary History between Iran and India (Cambridge University Press, 2023) narrates the cultural and literary history of one of the world's most significant yet understudied lingua francas. From the ninth to the nineteenth centuries, Persian was the pre-eminent language of learnin…
  continue reading
 
擅動刀兵,到最後中美核武相向,可能大家連明天都無法看到,這又何苦?人類從智人20萬年前走出東非大裂谷,到今天統治稱霸這世界是真的不容易,倘為了台灣一個小島,就把這一世的人類文明都給毀滅了,那中國真的是太對不起人類了。 況且中國今天要武力征服台灣也有幾個很大的危險因子存在,弄不好的話把自己搞得政權垮台也說不定。 第一就是解放軍久未打仗,40餘年前與越南自衛反擊戰也是遙遠的回憶了,解放軍拿起槍有模有樣,開著戰車正兒巴經的閱兵一片雄壯威武。但是如果真的要打仗了,人沒有經歷過槍林彈雨不成老兵,中國的各種軍事裝備下自槍砲、上到艦艇、戰機、導彈等都沒有真的經歷過戰場驗證,而且中國的武器裝備外表看起來都挺像回事,但最大的問題是所有的裝備都是仿的!中國不是只有做A貨假包而已,中國幾乎所有台面上的軍備都是反向…
  continue reading
 
2023.04.10 雲論:中國海巡、海警船不是問題 兩棲登陸艦才是威脅 https://forum.ettoday.net/news/2474538 我們想讓你知道…要真的說關心中共會否出兵台灣,要盯緊的不是這些海巡船、海警船或解放軍的導彈驅逐艦,而是應該非常注意中共近年發展的新型與大型兩棲艦艇。 ● 蘇育平/國際政治觀察者 根據4月5日媒體報導共軍啟動「台灣海峽中北部聯合巡航巡查專項行動」,由大型巡航救助船海巡06船率領編隊到台灣海峽中北部進行聯合巡航巡查專項行動。 中國海巡船隊不帶軍事性 中國海警船隊具軍事性 讓我為大家解釋這個背景,首先,中國有一隻海巡隊伍,可是它既不屬於解放軍海軍,也不屬於中國海警船隊,他是一支獨立由中國海事局建立的非軍事性質的公務船隊。 中國國家海事局(China…
  continue reading
 
圖片為一百年前的哲布尊丹巴呼圖克圖照片。 蘇育平觀點:藏傳佛教四大活佛的轉世故事 蘇育平 + 追蹤 2023-04-02 07:00 4861 人氣 贊助本文 https://www.storm.mg/article/4767252?mode=whole 近日拜讀風傳媒〈哲布尊丹巴仁波切轉世靈童首次現身 達賴喇嘛牽動蒙古、中國關係〉之文章,大吃一驚,哲布尊丹巴活佛轉世出現了?這是一件不可思議的事情,因為距離上一任哲布尊丹巴活佛於1924年圓寂已經有將近一百年了,而且他牽扯的是外蒙古從中國獨立的史實。 [啟動LINE推播] 每日重大新聞通知 藏傳佛教是佛教中很古老的一派,從唐朝吐蕃時代就在西藏高原傳播,藏傳佛教又分為五大支派,分別是「寧瑪派(紅教)、薩迦派(花教)、噶舉派(白教)、噶當派、格魯…
  continue reading
 
The world as seen by a Qur’an specialist in late imperial and early Soviet Russia. Alfrid Bustanov and Vener Usmanov's book Muslim Subjectivity in Soviet Russia (Brill, 2022) tells a dramatic story of ’Abd al-Majid al-Qadiri, a Muslim individual born in the Kazakh lands and brought up in the Sufi environment of the South Urals, who memorized the en…
  continue reading
 
依據央視軍事微信公眾號2023年4月9日發布,共軍東部戰區繼續在台島週邊組織還台島戰略警巡與聯合利劍演習,對台島及週邊海域關鍵目標實施模擬聯合精確打擊,持續保持圍島進逼態勢。 東部戰區徐州艦在台島以東實施戰術動作,目視距離五海浬處是台灣的宜陽艦。 火箭軍部隊也完成首輪對台島關鍵目標模擬打擊,並連夜向預備陣地機動轉場,展開後續打擊準備,數十套發射單元佔領發射陣位,隨時聽命第二輪打擊。 根據中共官方上述報導,我們可以分析出幾項要點: 第一,054A型舷號530之徐州艦航行至台灣東岸太平洋,這是一艘解放軍海軍大量生產已有40艘現役的4000噸級飛彈護衛艦,是第一款裝有32孔垂直發射系統的中共中型飛彈護衛艦,可發射海紅旗中程防空飛彈、鷹擊83反艦飛彈及魚8火箭助推魚雷,另外還有76自動艦砲與近迫砲、…
  continue reading
 
In his debut short story collection, Nomad, Nomad (Bound to Brew, 2021), Jonan Pilet explores the lives of Mongols and expats looking for a sense of home within the nomadic culture. Based on Jonan’s insights having grown up in Mongolia, the series of interlinked narratives capture the cultural turmoil Mongolia experienced after the fall of the Sovi…
  continue reading
 
Between 1956 and 1960, leaders in the Mongolian People’s Republic embarked on a collectivization campaign to change the way in which Mongolians interacted with animals and the environment. Collectivization in Mongolia, which followed the Soviet model, confiscated private livestock to create collectively-owned and -worked livestock herds, and was se…
  continue reading
 
This week we take a look at: - Kazakhstan seizing part of the Russian Space Program - Bank reforms in Kyrgyzstan - A Russian governor seeking refuge in Kyrgyzstan - Mirzioyev announcing a referendum - Earthquakes in Tajikistan - A football tournament coming to Central Asia - Turkmenistan announces snap election - Ashgabat placing even more restrict…
  continue reading
 
中國海警船統一採用白色外表塗裝,並在船體前段漆有紅藍相間條紋,並在船身畫有中國海警徽章,船舷畫有「中國海警/China Coast Guard」字樣,所有移撥自海軍或其他單位的船艦都要改成本塗裝。 如此的塗裝與世界各國海巡艦艇十分相似,讓中國之海警船艦頗有跟上世界潮流之感,也讓人清晰可辨此為海警船而非解放軍海軍軍艦。 另外每條中國海警船都有一個舷號,採四位數或五位數編號,四位數者之第一個數字標示這條船所屬的是北海(1)、東海(2)、或南海(3)海區,第二位數字標示其噸位如1(1000噸)、2(2000噸)、3(3000噸),第三與第四位數則是船的實際編號如海警2115號船,就是配屬於東海海區、1000噸級、編號15的船艦。 但如果是中國海警局成立之前即有的舷號,或是從海軍移編過來,傳承原有之…
  continue reading
 
分享本人即將出版之「中國武警與中國海警」一書之部份內容 2023.03.19 中國海事局海巡船隊 中國國家海事局(China Maritime Safety Administration/MSA),是1998年由港務監督局與船舶檢驗局兩者合併而來,由交通運輸部管轄。 看它的名稱就知道它的主要工作職掌與工作範圍是著重在港口經營、船舶交通管理、危險貨物管理監督、船舶檢驗與執照發給更換(簽發船舶證書與船員執照)、水上交通安全監督管理、防治港口船舶汙染、燈塔設置維護等方面。 為執行上述有關船隻船舶管理、港灣營運、防治污染等任務,中國海事局在各重要沿海省市或重要港口設置直轄海事局,在全國31個省與自治區也設有地方海事局,原本也就擁有許多公務船隻以便執行公務,比如海南海事局就有20艘海巡船艇。 也許是國…
  continue reading
 
你想知道中國海警是什麼?看這本書就能完全了解。在媒體上中國海警過去聲名不彰,但在東海釣魚台海域與南海九段線紛爭中,中國海警是無役不與的,也讓日本海上保安廳、菲律賓、馬來西亞、印尼、越南等國海巡與海軍皆頭疼不已。 中國海警部隊,英文名稱為"China Coast Guard",與世界各國的海巡隊伍一樣,是專門用來保護領海主權海域權益不受侵犯的隊伍。 通常各國海巡的船隻是執法船隻,不是軍事艦艇,不是正規的海軍,不是以消滅敵人海軍為目標,而是以執法為目的,是一種警察性質的隊伍。因此一般海巡艦艇上僅有自衛用輕武裝,通常有機關槍已經是了不得的大威力武器,因為海巡就是海上的警察,有誰看到警察每天拿機槍、大砲在街上巡邏的嗎? 中國海警部隊在2013年正式成立時,係收編結合中國海監、邊防海警、海關緝私、農業…
  continue reading
 
Nomadic Pastoralism among the Mongol Herders: Multispecies and Spatial Ethnography in Mongolia and Transbaikalia (Amsterdam University Press, 2021) is based on anthropological research Charlotte Marchina carried out between 2008 and 2016 to investigate the spatial features of nomadic pastoralism among the Mongol herders of Mongolia and Southern Sib…
  continue reading
 
中國武警部隊是一支半軍半警的中國武裝力量。曾經是解放軍公安部隊,後來逐步獨立成為與解放軍、民兵並立的中國三大武裝力量之一。 中國武警曾經一度收編許多解放軍裁軍下來的基建工程兵與乙種步兵師,因此擁有黃金、水電、交通、警衛、森林、消防、邊防、機動師等性質各異的部隊。 2018年大改編後,剩下各省市內衛武警、機動總隊、海警總隊三大支柱,其他警種分別歸屬到其他部會轄下。 從渤海、東海到釣魚台,從台灣海峽、西沙到南沙,中國海警部隊標註有China Coast Guard的船艦日益頻繁出現在各海域。 在傳統有爭端的海域如釣魚台海域、南海九段線,都可以看到中國海警持續不懈、不間斷的進行展現存在感的行為。面對這支已經在船艦數量穩居世界海巡隊伍第一名的中國海警部隊,我們該有的認識是必須要的。 中國武警部隊與人…
  continue reading
 
This week we take a look at: - Sec. Blinken's Visit to Central Asia - Parliamentary Elections in Kazakhstan heating up - Kazakhstan's backing of Beijing's "Ukraine Peace Plan" - The women's marches - Constitutional amendments being proposed in Uzbekistan - The son of a Tajik opposition leader being arrested - Tajikistan infrastructure under scrutin…
  continue reading
 
Many of us–who maybe aren’t historians–have an image of the Silk Road: merchants who carried silk from China to as far as ancient Rome, in one of the first global trading networks. Historians have since challenged the idea that there really was such an organized network, instead seeing it as a nineteenth-century metaphor that obscures as much as it…
  continue reading
 
The term "Silk Road" evokes images of trade and exotic luxurious goods and Orientalist images. Today, however, it also is associated with the projection of Chinese power abroad. And as that pairing suggests, the term "Silk Road" in fact has many meanings as Professor Tim Winter has been explaining in his book The Silk Road: Connecting Histories and…
  continue reading
 
This week we take a look at: - Nazarbayev being stripped of his immunity - A sanctioned Russian businessman buying up a Kazakh airport - The fight to bring a bank back to Kazakhstan - A Kyrgyz president being released from prison - 6 Kyrgyz presidents meeting in Dubai - Uzbekistan resuming work on the UZB-AFG trainline - Criminal arrested with radi…
  continue reading
 
Saga Bougdaeva is the translator of the first English version of Jangar (University of California Press, 2023), the heroic epic of the Kalmyk nomads. The Kalmyks are the Western Mongols of Genghis Khan’s medieval empire in Europe. Today, Kalmykia is situated in the territory that was once the Golden Horde, founded by Genghis Khan son’s Juchi. Altho…
  continue reading
 
In this episode, Dr. Kenny Linden, an environmental and animal historian of Mongolia and Inner Asia, joins me to discuss the Disney+ Star Wars prequel series Andor and its real-world parallels to pastoralism and the treatment of pastoralists in Central and East Asia by state authorities. We talk about nomadism in the Star Wars universe, depictions …
  continue reading
 
This week we take a look at: - Major policy changes at the Kazakh border. - Russia forging ahead with plans for a gas network across the region. - Astana refusing to punish journalists over their coverage of the War in Ukraine. - Border delimitation progress between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. - Bishkek taking ownership of a new set of Turkish drone…
  continue reading
 
Tibetan nomads have developed a way of life that is dependent in multiple ways on their animals and shaped by the phenomenological experience of mobility. These pastoralists have adapted to many changes in their social, political and environmental contexts over time. From the earliest historically recorded systems of segmentary lineage to the incor…
  continue reading
 
Many of us have likely seen photos of the Aral Sea, and the rusted Soviet-era ships, sitting in the desert with no water in sight. The Aral Sea is now just 10% of its former volume, shrinking down from what was once the fourth-largest body of inland water in the world, after what writer Jeff Fernside calls “one of the worst human-caused environment…
  continue reading
 
2022年本人出版書籍包括 1. 聖地出任務-台灣國際志工故事集 2. 勇抗強權-阿富汗 3. 台以關係百年史:外交官眼中的以色列 4. 從奴隸到霸主:俄羅斯人的故事 5. 遷徙與戰鬥-突厥人的故事 大家到博客來、誠品、露天、金石堂等網站可以買得到。或者可到2023.1.31 台北國際書展,魚籃出版社攤位直接購買。 筆者在2002年1月出版中國武裝警察大解構一書,當時還是一名在中華民國憲兵部隊中服義務預官役的小少尉軍官。時光已經過去21年,許多政治局勢造成之制度改變,讓中國武警部隊有了新的面貌。因此是時候對本書做一改版,更新中國武警部隊最新訊息,也讓大家認識這一支很重要的中國第二武裝。 中國武警部隊與人民解放軍、民兵並列為中國國家三大武裝力量之一,對於中國這個世界現存最大的專政集權政權的維繫…
  continue reading
 
2022年本人出版書籍包括 1. 聖地出任務-台灣國際志工故事集 2. 勇抗強權-阿富汗 3. 台以關係百年史:外交官眼中的以色列 4. 從奴隸到霸主:俄羅斯人的故事 5. 遷徙與戰鬥-突厥人的故事 大家到博客來、誠品、露天、金石堂等網站可以買得到。或者可到2023.1.31 台北國際書展,魚籃出版社攤位直接購買。 **第三章 **蒙兀室韋、契丹遼、哈瑪蒙古繼起 西元2世紀北匈奴西遷後,祖上為東胡,講古蒙古語的鮮卑取代了匈奴佔據蒙古草原。等到五胡十六國時期(西元304年至439年),各支鮮卑部族紛紛南下到中國北方河北、山西、陝西、甘肅、內蒙、山東、河南等地,分別建國,也就是上一章提到的東鮮卑、北鮮卑、西鮮卑建立的一系列國家。但是戈壁以北的漠北草原與西伯利亞怎麼辦?那就是北鮮卑一支的「柔然」與…
  continue reading
 
Seeing cigarette smoking as a cultural phenomenon of Western modernity is perhaps easier when the test case is outside the US where the narrative is dominated by Big Bad Tobacco and litigation. Tricia Starks's two volume study does just that. Her second volume, Cigarettes and Soviets: Smoking in the USSR (Cornell University Press, 2022) traces the …
  continue reading
 
Order at the Bazaar: Power and Trade in Central Asia (Cornell UP, 2017) delves into the role of bazaars in the political economy and development of Central Asia. Bazaars are the economic bedrock for many throughout the region--they are the entrepreneurial hubs of Central Asia. However, they are often regarded as mafia-governed environments that are…
  continue reading
 
加勒比海三聖,聖克里斯多福,聖露西亞,聖文森是中華民國現存14個邦交國之一,分享在邦交國工作感想,不涉工作機密。 今年出版五本書,明年再寫五本書。 遷移與戰鬥-突厥人的故事 從奴隸到霸主-俄羅斯人的故事 台以關係百年史-外交官眼中的以色列 勇抗強權-阿富汗 聖地出任務-台灣志工在以色列服務的故事蘇育平 Yuping SU による
  continue reading
 
In this episode, I sit down with my friend Bill McGrath, a historian of Tibetan Buddhism and medicine. He's one of the most knowledgeable people in the world on this subject, and we get deep into the weeds in an academic conversation about traditional Tibetan medicine, the category of Buddhist medicine, and Bill's perspectives on magic, religion, a…
  continue reading
 
Revolution and Dictatorship: The Violent Origins of Durable Authoritarianism (Princeton UP, 2022) explores why dictatorships born of social revolution—such as those in China, Cuba, Iran, the Soviet Union, and Vietnam—are extraordinarily durable, even in the face of economic crisis, large-scale policy failure, mass discontent, and intense external p…
  continue reading
 
In 1945 the Soviet Union controlled half of Europe and was a founding member of the United Nations. By 1991, it had an army four million strong with five thousand nuclear-tipped missiles and was the second biggest producer of oil in the world. But soon afterward the union sank into an economic crisis and was torn apart by nationalist separatism. It…
  continue reading
 
Socialism Goes Global: The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the Age of Decolonisation (Oxford UP, 2022) is the first work to provide a broad history of the relationship between Eastern Europe and the decolonising world. It ranges from the late nineteenth to the late twentieth century, but at its core is the dynamic of the post-1945 period, when s…
  continue reading
 
This week we take a look at a political party being registered in Kazakhstan, politicians pushing back against name changes for Bishkeks administrative districts, a former president's trial devolving, the proposal for a natural gas union between three states, trials beginning for anti-regime protesters, big developments in the Tajik banking sector,…
  continue reading
 
2022年本人出版書籍包括 1. 聖地出任務-台灣國際志工故事集 2. 勇抗強權-阿富汗 3. 台以關係百年史:外交官眼中的以色列 4. 從奴隸到霸主:俄羅斯人的故事 5. 遷徙與戰鬥-突厥人的故事 歡迎大家到博客來、誠品、露天、金石堂等處購買。 本俄羅斯書請到露天購買:https://www.ruten.com.tw/item/show?22246699765266&fbclid=IwAR1MvzVzZDYCSYLmyY7ZlFL3SlbFfHImLQkgfkDckdqmlFLHFPez5Fzveps 07 共產黨統治下的蘇聯到普丁統治下的俄羅斯聯邦 7.1輝煌光榮的蘇維埃社會主義共和國聯邦 蘇聯是1919年列寧經過十月革命,從資產階級及保皇黨白俄羅斯軍手上千辛萬苦奪來的政權,也是世界上第…
  continue reading
 
拓跋鮮卑建立的代國及北魏帝國 西元315年,北鮮卑族中的拓跋家族(Toba tribe)的首領拓跋猗盧在今天中國山西省北部太原一帶建立「代國(Kingdom of Dai)」,建立拓跋家族的第一個王權統治,與慕容燕、段部鮮卑等抗衡。 西元376年代國被羌族氐人(Di Tribe)建立,強大一時的前秦帝國(Qing empire)所併吞,當時前秦帝國橫掃北方,強勢一統江山,連強大的慕容鮮卑燕國也擋不住投降,其他匈奴族的各王國也紛紛低頭臣服,中國北方眼見一統,和平即將到來。可惜前秦一味訴諸武力,迫不及待南下消滅東晉,終於在西元383年淝水之戰,一場慘敗讓前秦帝國一夕瓦解。 西元386年,拓跋鮮卑的代國復國了,並隨即改名為「魏」,史稱「北魏(Northern Wei Empire),386AD-5…
  continue reading
 
慕容氏鮮卑-燕國 在金庸小說天龍八部中,心心念念不忘要復國的慕容復家族故事,其實是引用歷史上真實案例寫的小說情節,慕容鮮卑建立的燕國,確實於四世紀時存在於歷史上中原北方一帶,曾經建立強大的鮮卑人國家。 東鮮卑之「慕容部」是鮮卑初期實力極強的一支,與建立北魏一統北方江山的「拓拔部」不相上下,甚至一度較拓跋部更強大。總計建立「前燕、後燕、西燕、南燕與吐谷渾」等五個不同時代的鮮卑人國家。 慕容家族的正式出現,是在曹魏的三國時代,慕容鮮卑第一代首領是莫護跋,第二代首領慕容木延,第三代首領慕容涉歸曾被西晉朝廷封為鮮卑單于。 慕容吐谷渾不願兄弟鬩牆,出走成為鮮卑延續最久王國 慕容涉歸的兩個兒子,庶長子慕容吐谷渾與嫡長子慕容廆因為有嫡庶之爭議,嫡長子慕容廆受旁人挑撥而懷疑哥哥可能與他爭位,庶長子慕容吐谷渾…
  continue reading
 
Loading …

クイックリファレンスガイド