Rabbi Eli J Mansour 公開
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The Halachot governing Minyan require that all ten men assemble together in the same room. The Shulhan Aruch (55:20) rules that someone standing outside the room of the Minyan may answer the Devarim SheBikdusha, such as Kadish and Barchu, even though he doesn’t count towards making the Minyan. This is on condition that there is no separation of gar…
 
The question is raised as to whether one may complete the recitation of Birkat Ha’Lebana if clouds suddenly covered the moon in the middle of the Beracha. Must one recite the Beracha again from the beginning when the moon is again revealed? The Magen Abraham (Rabbi Abraham Gombiner, Poland, 1637-1682) cited by the Mishna Berura rules that since he …
 
Through the centuries, there has been Halachic debate with regard to the Beracha of Hanoten La’Yaef Koach. While all agree that thanking Hashem for giving strength to the weary every morning is a praiseworthy idea, there have been divergent opinions as to whether it is proper to recite this Beracha. The Beracha is first mentioned by the Tur (Rabben…
 
On every Yom Tob, we take out two Sifreh Torah, and we read from the second Torah the Pesukim that describe that holiday’s special Musaf sacrifice. Likewise, when Rosh Hodesh falls in Shabbat, we take out a second Sefer Torah and read the Pesukim that speak about the Musaf sacrifice offered on Rosh Hodesh. The question arises, why do we not read ev…
 
The Gemara in Masechet Gittin discusses the Halacha which forbids writing only a portion of a book of the Tanach. If one is writing a portion of the Tanach, he must write the entire book. However, the Gemara adds, as it became difficult for congregations to have complete scrolls of all the books of the Prophets, the Sages enacted a special provisio…
 
The Ben Ish Hai (Rav Yosef Haim of Baghdad, 1833-1909) notes that the eight Aliyot read on Shabbat (the seven primary Aliyot, and the Maftir) have different levels of importance. The sequence, he writes, is as follows, in descending order of importance: Shishi (the sixth Aliya), Shelishi (the third Aliya), Kohen, Levi, Rebi’i, Hamishi, Shebi’i, Maf…
 
The Aruch Ha’shulhan (Rav Yechiel Michel Epstein of Nevarduk, 1829-1908), in Siman 284, offers several explanations of the term "Maftir" which we use to refer to the final Aliya on Shabbat, which follows the seven primary Aliyot. One possibility, he writes, is that the word "Maftir" stems from the word "Patur" ("exempt"). The custom of the Haftara …
 
It is customary on Shabbat to call up seven Aliyot, and to then call up an eighth Aliya, called Maftir, and the one who receives this Aliya reads a portion from the Nabi (Prophets), which we call the Haftara. The custom of Maftir and Haftara developed long ago when the government issued an edict forbidding the Jews from reading the Torah in the syn…
 
The Ben Ish Hai (Rav Yosef Haim of Baghdad, 1833-1909) writes (Vayeseh, 21) that within twelve months of a parent’s passing, Heaven forbid, the Aliya of Maftir is the most beneficial of all Aliyot for the departed soul. This is especially so, the Ben Ish Hai adds, on Shabbatot that have a special Maftir reading, such as Shabbat Zachor, Shabbat Para…
 
The Ben Ish Hai (Parashat Pekudeh) emphasizes the importance of Keri’at Shema She’al Ha’mita – the Shema recitation before one goes to sleep at night (listen to audio recording for precise citation). He notes that the bedtime Shema is included among the four daily Shema recitations, the other three being the Shema recitation during the Korbanot ser…
 
Is it permissible to recite the Shema while lying down? For example, if a person went to bed and, while lying on his bed, he remembers that he must recite Shema, must he sit up, or perhaps even stand, for the recitation, or may he remain lying while reciting Shema? The Gemara in Masechet Berachot addresses this question in two different contexts. F…
 
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