The history of Ontario is exciting and relevant to Canada and North America. Our goal is to use emerging technologies to present the stories that weave the makeup of our province in a way that is interesting and accessible to young and old alike. We create sets of modern, entertaining media meant to teach, preserve and promote our past. We are a non-profit venture funded primarily by the Ontario Trillium Foundation in partnership with the Living History Multimedia Association.
From the original Odawa inhabitants, to the other Anishinabek Nations that they welcomed to the land; to lumbermen, fishermen, and farmers, the Island has always had a unique appeal.
The Seventh Prophecy of the Anishinabek tells of the coming of a generation that would retrace the steps of the sacred ways. Now, that generation is here and is hard at work.
‘Mike’ Pearson, as Islanders would call him, served as the MP for Algoma East for twenty years, and prime minister from 1963 to 1968.
The car changed everything on Manitoulin Island – the ferries opened the island up to tourists in a way that have never before been possible. The 1950’s harkened the golden age of tourism on the Island.
The fish filled, crystal clear waters of the Manitoulin and the North Channel have attracted tourists since the day of the canoe. Yachts, steamers and the railway ensured their continued presence on the Island.
As inhabitants of an island, the weather and water have historically played large roles in the lives of Manitoulin’s residents. Navigational aids were designed to help mitigate the dangers of lake Huron’s waters.
After the Treaty of 1862 speculators of all kinds flocked to the Manitoulin to exploit its resources. The lumber was abundant and the geological survey of 1840 had indicated that oil was a strong possibility on the Island.
Disagreements over fisheries licenses prompted what became known as ‘The Manitoulin Incident’ – a conflict between the people of Wikwemikong and the Fisheries Commissioner, William Gibbard.
The pressure on the Colonial government to open the Manitoulin for white settlement were intense, as available arable lands in Southern Ontario were running out. The result was the much-contested Treaty of 1862.
Colonists looking to cash in on the abundant resources of the North increasingly began encroaching on Native territories. Native leaders, such as George Abotossaway, fought against colonial intrusions.
Not far from the Manitowaning Establishment was Wikewemikong, a community of largely Roman Catholic Odawa. In 1844, they were joined by Jesuit missionaries, whose approaches and philosophies were very different from those of the Anglican clergy in Manitowaning.
Captain Anderson’s daughter, Sophie, recounts the early days of life in the Establishment at Manitowaning; a model community designed to assimilate the Native population through instruction in trades and Anglican Christianity.
The lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada, Sir Francis Bond Head, put an end to Anderson’s assimilation activities at Manitowaning and put his own plans into action. Bond Head wrote up what came to be known as the Treaty of 1836 – a document for which he neither sought the sanction of the British government nor followed proper protocols.…
After the War of 1812, colonial authorities no longer saw the First Nations peoples as allies, but instead as people that needed help to integrate into British North American society – they needed to be assimilated.
The Anishinabek fought with their British allies in the War of 1812. Many Anishinabek from the Manitoulin area distinguished themselves during the conflict and were decorated for their efforts. However, their contributions were quickly forgotten after the war. When the American/Canadian border was drawn, Anishinabek sovereignty was disregarded and …
The growing demand for furs prompted Native peoples and fur traders to hunt and trap beyond their traditional territories. Conflicts arose and were fueled by weapons and pressure from the colonial powers. Numerous treaties & wampum were created to mend and clarify relationships between First Nations and their European allies.…
The French were the first Europeans to make contact with the First Nations people of the Manitoulin area. A cooperative relationship soon developed around the fur trade, which allowed for the sharing of economic benefits between the two peoples. Includes discussion of Champlain’s map of the island, early Jesuit missionaries and the fur trade.…
Compared to its rocky neighbours to the North and East, Mantioulin Island’s geology is significantly younger and much more hospitable to plant life. Includes the 10 000 year old quarry at Sheguiandah, The Precambrian Shield, and Ordovician & Silurian rocks.
Many generations ago, the First Nations people migrated from the east to the great lakes woodlands. Here, they developed a lifestyle that allowed them to live in harmony with the land and each other.
The origins of Mindemoya Island and the Cup & Saucer are revealed through the story of Nanabush’s visit to Manitoulin Island.