やさしい英語会話 (335) Schrödinger's Cat

 
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Manage episode 238997755 series 14672
著作 Hiroshima University's English Podcast の情報はPlayer FM及びコミュニティによって発見されました。著作権は出版社によって所持されます。そして、番組のオーディオは、その出版社のサーバから直接にストリーミングされます。Player FMで購読ボタンをタップし、更新できて、または他のポッドキャストアプリにフィードのURLを貼り付けます。

今月最後の話題は、量子力学の世界では有名な「シュレディンガーの猫」のお話です。英語でわかりやすく説明するのはなかなか難しいですが、頭の体操だと思って聞いてみましょう!
 
*** It's a Good Expression ***
(今回の重要表現)
breed
系統
science-thingy
科学っぽい
a bunch of
たくさんの
geeks
おたく
Oh, Lord!
まったく!
tormenting
人を苦しめるような
creepy
気味が悪い
bizarre
異様な
*** Script ***
Schrodinger's Cat
M: Hey Amy, have you ever heard of Schrodinger's Cat?
W: Ah, no, Sam. What is it? A new cat breed? I LOVE cats, by the way!
M: Ha ha! Schrodinger’s Cat is a well-known thought experiment suggested by a famous Austrian physicist named Erwin Schrodinger.
W: Erwin Schrodinger? Never heard of him. But this “Schrodinger’s Cat” experiment sounds very science-thingy to me. Go on.
M: OK. Let's say there's a cat inside an opaque box. That means you canNOT see inside the box.
W: Yes, an opaque box. So we do NOT know what’s happening inside.
M: Right. And also in the box is a flask containing deadly radioactive material. Of course, there is a radioactivity detector in the box as well.
W: Ah! What a poor cat! Sam, please don't kill our cute kitties!
M: Amy, this is a thought experiment! Not a real experiment! Anyway, there’s a 50% chance that the radioactivity will be detected by the machine. If the radioactivity is detected, the flask will be shattered, releasing the radiation. Of course, the cat will die.
W: No!! You "science people” are a bunch of geeks, killing poor animals!
M: Oh, Lord! Calm down! Let me finish the explanation. So... If we do NOT look in the box, there’s a 50% chance that the cat is alive or not. It’s in kind of a “zombie state.” Alive or dead? We don’t know. But if we DO look in the box, it’s either 100% alive or 100% dead.
W: Oh my god! Please stop! I don't want to hear something so tormenting anymore!
M: Amy, we're not killing the cat! Anyway, this shows how “observing something” changes the situation. That’s pretty unique, hey?
W: I don't want to talk to you anymore, Sam! All of you science people are creepy and bizarre! How can you treat a cat like that?
M: Oh boy...
(Written by Kyoung Jo)

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