ドラマで英語を学ぼう (50) Hoichi the Earless: From "Kwaidan" by Lafcadio Hearn (5)

 
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Manage episode 237238431 series 14672
著作 Hiroshima University's English Podcast の情報はPlayer FM及びコミュニティによって発見されました。著作権は出版社によって所持されます。そして、番組のオーディオは、その出版社のサーバから直接にストリーミングされます。Player FMで購読ボタンをタップし、更新できて、または他のポッドキャストアプリにフィードのURLを貼り付けます。

今月第1週は「ドラマで英語を学ぼう」をお届けします。
夏の風物詩といえば怪談!というわけで、今回は久々にLafcadio Hearn (1850-1904)の"Kwaidan" (1904) をお届けします。本ポッドキャストでは4年前に「おしどり」「」「雪女(1)」「雪女(2)」をお届けしましたが、今回は映画にもなり、体中にお経が書かれたあの琵琶法師の姿でおなじみ、「耳なし芳一」です。
今回は35分と少し長いですが、比較的わかりやすい英語で書かれ、日本人にとって親しみのある題材を扱った「怪談」は、英語学習にも適しています。どうぞ最後までお楽しみください。
 
[スクリプトは動画上に表示されます]
Hoichi the Earless
straits
= 海峡
a clan
= a family group, especially in history, or in remote villages of developing societies today. (Example: the Nobunaga clan)
to perish
= to be destroyed and disappear
utterly
= terribly
to be haunted
= ghosts lurk, 幽霊の出る
to hover about
= to wander around, うろつく、さまよっている
  
to flit
= to go or flash quickly, ひらひら飛び回る
pale
= not bright, 薄い
clamor
= noise and confusion
to be restless
= 落ち着かない、そわそわした
to appease
= to make (somebody) feel better because you did something bad、なだめる、やわらげる
a cemetery
= a place where dead people are buried and honored
to inscribe
= to carve (cut) some writing into a stone or other hard material, しるす、刻む
drowned
= dead from sinking in water
vassals
= servants and workers under a shogun or king
Buddhist services
= Buddhist religious ceremonies
on behalf of
= for, のために
a tomb
= cemetery memorial rocks, 墓, 記念の洞窟
to erect
= to make a building or a large structure such as a tomb
to give less trouble
= to not cause so many problems
queer
= strange
at intervals
= sometimes, once in a while, from time to time, occasionally
to find peace
= to be satisfied, relaxed, and not cause problems
blind
= not able to see
to be famed for
= to be famous for, to be well-known for…
recitation
= telling stories
to recite
= to tell stories
a lad
= a boy
to surpass (someone)
= to go even higher (than someone) in ability
chiefly
= mainly
to refrain from
= to avoid (doing), 控える、~を我慢する
an outset
= a beginning
a priest
= a religious leader of a temple or a Catholic church
gratefully
= thankfully
lodging
= sleeping facilities, 宿泊
to gratify
= to make happy, to satisfy
otherwise
= その他の点で
to be disengaged
= to be free (from doing work)
a parishioner
= a member of a temple or church
an acolyte
= an assistant (especially in a temple or church)
a verandah
= a porch, a walk-way between the garden and the building in a temple or traditional Japanese house, 縁側
to overlook
= to be above with a view
to relieve
= to ease the pain of, 楽にする
solitude
= loneliness
midnight
= 12:00 at night
to halt
= to stop
abruptly
= suddenly
unceremoniously
= without formalities
a manner
= a way, a behavior
to summon
= to order to come
an inferior
= a person with less power
a menace
= a danger, threatening
a lord
= a samurai leader
exceedingly
= great
a rank
= a level
an attendant
= the assistants of a lord or a king
at once
= right away, immediately
august
= noble, rich, honored, 恐れ多い
an assembly
= a group of people
lightly
= carelessly, without thought
to disobey
= to not follow the orders of
to don
= to wear
deftly
= skillfully
obliged
= required
iron
= very strong and similar to 鉄
a clank
= a noise of metal hitting against metal
a stride
= a walking step
armed
= with weapons
on duty
= working
a retainer
= a samurai’s assistant
an assurance
= speaking with confidence
presently
= at that moment
unbarring
= unlocking a heavy gate
the twain
= a pair of people (Note: old English)
to pass on
= to move forward
to traverse
= to move across
a screen
= 襖
in converse
= talking
a domestic
= a person who cleans and takes care of a house
noble
= rich
to conduct
= to lead, 案内する
conjecture
= deep thinking
to mount
= to climb
interminable
= unending
a reach
= an open area
polished
= 磨き上げた
planking
= boards (板) in the floor
pillared
= similar to pillars (柱)
angles
= 角度
widths
= distances
a matted floor
= 畳
vast
= huge
assembled
= gathered
rustling
= こすれる音
humming
= ブンブン
undertones
= whispers
a court
= a king/queen or samurai leader and all of his/her assistants
to put (someone) at ease
= to relax (someone)
a kneeling-cushion
= 座布団
to divine
= to guess, to imagine
a matron
= 女監督
in charge of
= responsible for
to address (someone)
= to formally speak to (someone)
to the accompaniment of
= with the background music of
to venture a question
= to dare to ask a question, 大胆無謀にも
a portion
= a part
augustly
= with respect, 荘厳な
to make answer
= to answer (Note: formal and old)
for the pity of it
= because the sadness of it
is the most deep
= is great
to chant
= to sing
to strain
= ぐいとやる
an oar
= オール、櫂(かい)
a whirr
= ヒューという音
the hissing of arrows
= シューという矢の音
to trample
= 踏みつける
to plunge
= to dive
a flood
= the big sea (Note: old English)
slain
= killed (by swords)
murmuring
= whispering
praise
= complements、褒めること
a province
= an region, 県
courage
= bravery
a hush
= quietness
wonder
= awe, 畏敬の念
the fate
= the destiny, 悲運
the fair
= beautiful people (Note: old English)
the helpless
= 無力な人たち
piteous
= 哀れな、痛ましい
to perish
= to die
a leap
= a jump
imperial
= related to an Emperor or King
an infant
= a young child
to utter
= to say, 言い表す
to shudder
= to shake
anguish
= 苦悩
to weep
= to cry (Note: the past form is “wept”)
to wail
= to cry in a loud voice
grief
= trouble, 嘆き
to sob
= to cry
lamentation
= sadness
to suppose
= to think, to guess
to be assured
= to be told with confidence, to be guaranteed
in recitative
= in story telling
to-night
= tonight (Note: old English)
pleased
= happy, satisfied
to bestow upon
= to give (Note: a king or samurai leader gives something to a less powerful person)
fitting
= appropriate, suitable
a reward
= 褒美
a sojourn
= travelling and staying somewhere
incognito
= hiding one’s presence and name, お忍びで、匿名で
duly
= dutifully, adequately,
to bid (someone) farewell
= to say goodbye to (someone) (Note: poetic. Also, the past form of “to bid” is “bade”)
to reproach
= to scold, to criticize
to be anxious
= to be worried
to accompany
= to go together with
evasively
= avoiding something, あいまいに
to attend to (something)
= to take care of (something), 事務を執る
to be pained by
= to be troubled by
 
reticence
= keeping quiet
to be bewitched
= 〜にたぶらかされる、〜にばかされる
to be deluded by
= to be tricked by, だまされる
evil spirits
= 悪霊
in case that
= in the event that, もしの場合に
a lantern
= ランタン、ちょうちん
evidently
= apparently, it seems like
for
= because
to make inquires
= to ask questions, to investigate
furiously
= in a crazy way, 猛烈に
to hasten
= to hurry
to resound
= to echo, 鳴り響く
mortal
= a normal person who will die in the end
strenuously
= with great effort
to rattle
= to make noise loudly, ガラガラ鳴る
clang
= clank, カーン
reprovingly
= criticizingly
to interrupt
= to interfere, 邪魔する、割り込む
in such a manner
= in this way
to be tolerated
= 許される
Whereat
= With that
weirdness
= craziness
to seize
= to grab
to be relieved of
= 脱がせる (Note: formal English)
by order of
= の命令で
to insist upon
= to say strongly, to demand
astonishing
= shocking
to hesitate
= to delay doing, ためらう
at last
= finally
conduct
= behavior, actions, manner
to alarm
= to worry, 不安を感じさせる
to abandon
= to give up
reserve
= reticence, hesitating
to relate
= to tell
any… whatever
= none at all, 全然ない
but
= but instead…
illusion
= fantasy, hallucinations, 錯覚
to obey
= to follow the orders of
to tear (something) to pieces
= 切れ切れに引き裂く
sooner or later
= eventually, in the end
in any event
= no matter what you do, いずれにしても
holy texts
= お経
to strip
= to take the clothes off of
to trace
= to write
a breast
= a chest
limbs
= arms and legs
soles
= 足の裏
the holy sutra
= 経典
Hannya-Shin-Kyo
= 般若心経
as if
= pretending to
to meditate
= めい想する
to stir
= to move a little
to be torn asunder
= to be ripped into pieces
laid
= put (Note: the past tense of “to lay” is “to put”)
planking
= floor boards
to assume the attitude of
= to be in the position of, ある態度をとる、〜のふりをする
to cough
= 咳をする
audibly
= in a way that can be heard
thus
= in this way
to hold (one’s) breath
= 息を殺す
grimly
= seriously and sadly, 厳格に
savagely
= wildly and angrily
as still as a stone
= without moving at all
to grumble
= to utter disapprovingly, うなるように言う
That won’t do!
= That is NOT good enough! I am not happy.
a fellow
= a guy, a man
deliberately
= carefully and with a goal, 慎重に
to halt
= to stop
dead silence
= complete silence
gruff
= husky and not friendly, しわがれ声、どら声
to mutter
= to grumble, to speak in a quiet way
footfalls
= footsteps
to recede
= to go into the distance
to descend
= to go down
to cease
= to finish
a trickling
= 滴り落ちるもの
to dare not to
= 〜しょうと思わない
to slip
= 滑る
clammy
= cold, wet, and sticky
to perceive
= to see, to notice
to ooze
= to drip in a bad way, じくじく流れ出る
a wound
= 怪我
My poor, Hoichi
= 可哀想です
to be startled
= to be shocked
to burst out
= 突然〜しだす
tearfully
= 涙ながらに
It’s all my fault!
= すべて私のせい
grievous
= serious and regretful
to make sure
= to confirm
~ cannot be helped
= 仕方がない
to heal
= 癒す
Cheer up!
= Don’t be sad!
to be well over
= to be totally finished
aid
= help
far and wide
= to many places
wealthy
= rich
the appellation of
= the name of

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