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Field, Lab, Earth is the podcast all about past and present advances in the fields of agronomic, crop, soil, and environmental sciences. A joint production of the Tri-Societies, the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, it features interviews with authors published in our journals, books, and magazines.Opinions and conclusions expressed by authors are their own and are not considered as those of the American Society of Agronomy, C ...
 
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“Toward Better Understanding of Terrestrial Processes through Long-Term Hydrological Observatories” with Dr. Heye Bogena. Hydrology, put plainly, is the study of water: how it moves, where it goes, and what’s inside it. Hydrologists gather as much information as they can about water in order to understand current water trends and to predict potenti…
 
Precision Agriculture Basics with Dr. David ClayDr. David Clay, along with the precision agriculture community, are working like codebreakers to crack the secret to more efficient, more environmentally friendly farming. The key? Understanding variability. Across any given farm field, there are many discrepancies in how given points of the field rea…
 
“Hand Planter for the Developing World: Factor Testing and Refinement” with Dr. Bill Raun Across Central America, South America, and Africa, there are thousands of acres of land with slopes and landscapes that will never be suitable for mechanized agriculture. For hundreds of years, they have been planted by hand, a practice that continues today.Th…
 
“Review: Sediment-Related Controls on the Health of the Great Barrier Reef” with Dr. Peter Hairsine.In 2016, a catastrophic bleaching event killed off around 30% of the Great Barrier Reef’s coral. The reef has been in a precarious spot for decades, but climate change and human-caused pollution have amplified the threats to its existence. Dr. Peter …
 
“Pyramiding of Alleles from Multiple Sources Increases the Resistance of Soybean to Highly Virulent Soybean Cyst Nematode Isolates” with Dr. Brian Diers.One of a farmer’s greatest enemies is a nemesis that they never even see. A nematode sounds like a ghastly swamp monster – in reality, it’s a microscopic worm that does some big time damage to soyb…
 
“Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens) Mercury Unaffected by Wildland Fires in Northern Minnesota” with Dr. Randy Kolka and Trent Wickman. We often hear of the dangers of mercury to pregnant women and children that require them to restrict fish consumption. For good reason – even at low concentrations, mercury can do serious damage to neural networks and…
 
“An Inventory of Crop Wild Relatives of the United States” with Dr. Stephanie Greene. Crop Wild Relatives week is September 22 – 29, 2018! Crops are vital to feeding an expanding world – and like anything incredibly important, they need to be protected from things like disease, environmental disaster, and anything else that can pose a real threat. …
 
If you have ever eaten food in the United States, you’ve been impacted by The Farm Bill, a mega-bill that is due for renewal in Congress this September. Although it heavily affects farmers, the Farm Bill covers a huge swath of topics: wildlife conservation, rural affairs, agriculture research, food stamps, and a lot more. If it seems like a big and…
 
“Simulated Canola Yield Responses to Climate Change and Adaptation in Canada” with Dr. Budong Qian. Canada really cares about the future of canola. It has surpassed spring wheat as the dominant crop in Canada, covering 8.5 million ha of Canadian agricultural land. It is even named after Canada, as the word canola itself is a contraction of “Canada"…
 
“Benefits of Insect Pollination to Confection Sunflowers Differ Across Plant Genotypes” with Dr. Rachel Mallinger. Sunflowers are a hallmark of an American summer. They’re grown for beauty, but they are also important industrial crops in America, grown for sunflower oil, for fresh eating (of the seeds), and for bird seed. And although we’ve slowly …
 
“Artificial Sweeteners Reveal Septic System Effluent in Rural Groundwater” with Dr. John Spoelstra. Dr. John Spoelstra is something like a wastewater detective. If there is hidden wastewater that is contaminating groundwater and putting health outcomes at risk, he can find it. To trace the path of wastewater, scientists use a special set of tools: …
 
Rapid soil formation in engineered soils, as highlighted in the article “Soil Evolution Par for the Golf Course” with Glen Obear.Not all of us who go golfing think about what is happening underneath the green. Glen Obear has always been that kind of guy. Since his high school days, he has wanted to be a golf course superintendent – even though he d…
 
“Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (Vis-Nir-Swir) as a Promising Tool for Blue Carbon Quantification in Mangrove Soils: A Case of Study in Tropical Semiarid Climatic Conditions” with Dr. Gabriel Nuto Nóbrega.Mangrove forests are some of the most important forests in the world. Mangroves are uniquely adapted to acting as a middleman. They can deal wi…
 
“Assessment of Selected Antibiotic Resistances in Ungrazed Native Nebraska Prairie Soils” with Dr. Lisa Durso.Antibiotic resistance has revealed itself as one of the great public health threats of our lifetimes. It currently causes 23,000 deaths per year and $55 billion of health costs in the U.S. Those numbers are predicted to skyrocket in coming …
 
“Achieving Diverse Cover Crop Mixtures: Effects of Planting Date and Seeding Rate” with Dr. Ebony Murrell and Dr. Mac BurgessIn fall, organic farmers across the country will start spreading seeds for crops that they won’t ever harvest. The reason? They’re cover crops! The secret agents of the crop game, these are crops that are planted in between p…
 
From the age of 15, Anne Sargent had been a distance runner. After a year and a half of CrossFit, the 46-year-old decided to run a half marathon with no additional training. She bested the time she set at 38 by about a minute and a half. “So almost eight years later, I ran the same distance using CrossFit training rather than traditional running, a…
 
In 2007, Erin Cafaro had been rowing for three years and had been on the U.S. national team for a year and a half. The next year was an Olympic one, and Cafaro needed to get stronger. Through her brother, she discovered CrossFit. Not only did Cafaro make the team, but her team won gold in Beijing. This year, she’s headed back to the Olympics. “If y…
 
Once you mobilize the muscle, you mobilize the joint. In this video, movement and mobility guru Kelly Starrett presents two ways of mobilization with band distraction and compression/approximation. The band acts as a force multiplier, he says while stretching an attendee at the trainer course with a resistance band. “His capsule is thick and powerf…
 
Meet Jane and Lynn: teachers, CrossFitters and coaches at CrossFit NRG. Jane Drexler teaches philosophy, and Lynn Kilpatrick teaches composition. Both said CrossFit is a lot like their day jobs. Being a professor requires summoning a tremendous amount of energy, which is followed by an awesome feeling once the class is done, Drexler explains. “I wo…
 
In the second part of the Turkish get-up series, kettlebell guru Jeff Martone outlines the three steps of the movement. First there’s sitting up, then the transition to the knee and, finally, standing up. While lying on the floor, your chest must be open. Then, ensure your knuckles remain in the same spot in space. Next, press, drive off the heel a…
 
Losing control is the road to adaptation, Rob Orlando says. In this video, the Hybrid Athletics owner has a Q&A with a group of nine Israeli CrossFitters who visited his box late last year. Among them is Moshiko “Mo” Sameach, known as an athlete with near-perfect form on every rep. “If it’s flawless, it’s not fast enough,” Orlando tells him. “If th…
 
In this video, movement and mobility expert Kelly Starrett talks about lengthening the muscle via proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, or PNF. To illustrate, he has class participants get into the deadlift position, relax and re-tension. “What are we doing here? Testing and retesting, showing that there’s actual change,” he says. Next, it’s t…
 
Now that you’ve done your time with band-assisted muscle-up prep in Part 1, Carl Paoli takes you to the next step. In Part 2, the gymnastics and movement specialist jumps on the rings and swings. He does so with a pseudo-false grip: the thumb over the index finger. His hands turn out when his feet are behind him. “If I have that and I can swing and…
 
Active shoulders, weight over the base of the feet and, yes, the hook grip. In this snippet from an Olympic Weightlifting Trainer Course, Mike Burgener first talks about keeping the shoulders externally rotated to keep the bar in a strong position overhead. “If that bar’s up here over your head and you’re shrugging your shoulders … where does the b…
 
Consider this your muscle-up primer. In Part 1, gymnastics and movement specialist Carl Paoli shows us the band-assisted muscle-up prep he uses for every athlete. “I need to be able to bow back and forth as a … pretty strong shape that can kind of just be manipulated, molded,” he begins. Paoli breaks down the progression into four steps: 1. Hip ext…
 
Birth defects left 46-year-old Todd Bittner with only one kidney and damage to his heart, and he wears two artificial legs. That doesn’t slow him down much. Bittner is a high-school assistant principal and athletic director, as well as a member of CrossFit Thin Air in Winter Park, Colo. He’s played baseball, and he was a rings specialist in high sc…
 
Programming isn’t hard, says stongman guru Rob Orlando. While it’s easy to get lost in the minutia, you need to see the big picture. “We’re doing this to get healthier, fitter, faster 10 years from now—not next week,” Orlando explains. In this video, the Hybrid Athletics owner has a Q&A with a group of nine Israeli CrossFitters who visited his box …
 
What’s the difference between the damper setting and the drag factor on a rower? Shane Farmer of CrossFit Invictus has the answer. “As I use the term ‘damper setting,’ what I’m talking about is moving this wheel right here,” the rowing specialist explains. “When I’m talking drag factor, I’m calibrating what’s on the monitor using a function that we…
 
Every heard of Striking Helen? Everything’s the same except the 12 pull-ups become 12 full-strike combinations: one-two, one-two, then repeat. Welcome to CrossFit Striking. “Combinations have an amazing transference to athletics and life because in sports and in life you need to be able to rotate,” says George Ryan of CrossFit Striking, who is assi…
 
Michele Vieux of CrossFit Invictus calls them “meat lollipops.” They’re ideal for appetizers or just something quick. “Anyone can make this—even the most bachelorest bachelor ever,” she says. The ingredients: 1 lb. of ground beef, yellow curry powder, fresh chopped garlic, green onions, sesame oil, and salt and pepper. The beef is shaped around the…
 
When it comes to rowing in CrossFit, there are three common errors: early back opening, early arm break and extreme layback. When the back opens early in the stroke, much of the hip drive is missing, says Shane Farmer of CrossFit Rowing. The legs and hips should work in harmony, he explains. “As the legs get close to finishing, then we’re going to …
 
When the Beck family arrived at CrossFit Ocean Isle Beach in North Carolina, they were an unhealthy bunch. Jeff Beck had gained weight from skipping workouts. His father, Rickey, had a series of injuries and brain surgery. And his mother, Pam, eventually had 30 inches of her intestine removed. “They all joined at the same time,” says owner Karen Ca…
 
Externally rotating the ankles not only creates the right tension, but it also stabilizes the back and forces the torso upright. Mobility guru Kelly Starrett says the movement is important for the set-up of the deadlift as well as the Olympic lifts. “I contend that if you turn that foot out as an unconscious compromise, you’re immediately going to …
 
If you’re reading this, chances are you’re a gym rat, and Raphael Ruiz of CrossFit Football says it’s easy for you to fall prey to the “curse of the gifted.” Those drawn to the gym-rat mentality likely spend time doing what they love—and not much else, he adds. “How many of us stretch as much as you’re supposed to stretch?” Ruiz asks. “How many of …
 
You could say the San Diego Law Enforcement Fitness Project is about inspiration. That should be no surprise with Greg Amundson at the helm. In Part 1, the Original Firebreather explains that the program’s goal is to “bring the culture of physical fitness back to the law-enforcement profession.” The project aims to teach officers to view themselves…
 
You could say the San Diego Law Enforcement Fitness Project is about inspiration. That should be no surprise with Greg Amundson at the helm. In Part 1, the Original Firebreather explains that the program’s goal is to “bring the culture of physical fitness back to the law-enforcement profession.” The project aims to teach officers to view themselves…
 
The deadlift set-up is easy, says Kelly Starrett: get stiff, load the hips, send the knees forward, pull back, stand up. It’s a strategy athletes should use every time they approach the barbell, and it becomes increasingly important when they’re tired, he says. “We want to do the same thing every time, particularly when it becomes a complex motor s…
 
John McPherson started his affiliate in a multi-sport facility that included batting cages and soccer practice. “I just couldn’t provide a service to my clients unless I got out,” he says of the space his business outgrew. That’s when he found the “giant rectangle” that is now P3 CrossFit, which has been open for about three years in Houston. The b…
 
It’s impossible not to have bar deceleration if you don’t have “accommodating resistance,” says Shane Sweatt of Westside Barbell. “If you have bar deceleration, you’re teaching yourself to slow down. … In sports, that is not optimal,” he says. As you move a barbell, it’s natural to reduce your effort as you get to positions of mechanical advantage;…
 
Brian Watts originally thought CrossFit was a piece of swimwear. That changed, of course, and now he’s the manager of CrossFit New Haven. Watts is also a cancer survivor who jumps at any chance to fight the disease. Starting in 2002, Watts started feeling unwell, and after going through the medical process, he was told he had Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Af…
 
Despite hours watching professional hockey, few people know how to throw a proper punch. In this video, CrossFit Striking instructor George Ryan covers the basics of throwing a punch and explains how proper mechanics result in increased power and efficiency. “Punching is a rudimentary and functional movement that involves the core… . We’re going to…
 
Over four days in October, Hybrid Athletics hosted nine CrossFitters from Israel. The group made the trip specifically to work with box owner and strongman expert Rob Orlando and to complete the Level 1 Trainer Course. “Having as many people that understand what we’re doing to spread the word is the best thing that could happen,” says Omry Peled, o…
 
It begins with nutrition. “Nobody ever got strong out of a vending machine,” says CrossFit Football seminar staffer Ben Oliver. “Training makes you weaker.” It’s rest, recovery and food that make you stronger. Next up on CrossFit Football’s pyramid is strength and conditioning. In other words, Oliver says, “conditioned enough to survive our trainin…
 
Coach Mike Burgener has a special gift for simplifying the Olympic lifts—especially for beginners. “Ninety percent of all missed lifts are attributed to the feet,” Burgener says to a group of athletes at a CrossFit Oly seminar. To be successful on the platform, Burgener says you need to find the jumping position and the landing position. The first …
 
Every box has its own personality, and Matt Swift talks a little bit about what makes CrossFit Brisbane special in this video from Down Under. Listening to Swift, it’s clear that he and his box are very focused. “My only role as a coach is just to keep reminding people there’s only one important thing and everything else is distraction … . My job a…
 
Don’t let the skeleton mascot and the box’s handle fool you; this affiliate’s name comes from the Bible. So says Bryan Edwards, who co-owns CrossFit Vengeance Myrtle Beach South with his wife, Rachel. “One of our slogans is ‘vengeance is mine,’ meaning that the Lord takes care of the big stuff. We handle the small stuff,” Edwards explains. “Our ene…
 
What do you do after winning season 12 of The Biggest Loser? You get your CrossFit Level 1 certificate, of course. Washington native John Rhode lost 220 lb. on the show, winning the grand prize of $250,000 by weighing 225 lb. “I’m more energetic, I’m more optimistic, my entire countenance has changed, my outlook on life has changed,” he says while …
 
One of Jeff Martone’s favorite drills is a hip-flexor stretch followed by vertical jumps and kettlebell swings. “You’ll feel a difference. You should be a lot more explosive,” he says. “A lot of times people say that the weight feels lighter.” And the drill not only applies to the sport of kettlebell but also to Olympic weightlifting and powerlifti…
 
Three years after his basketball career at Tennessee Tech University, Elijah Muhammad is 20 lb. bigger—in a good way. Muhammad has been “doing CrossFit and training hard with No. 1 and No. 6,” he says with a smile. “No. 1” is Rich Froning Jr., who won the 2011 Reebok CrossFit Games, and “No. 6” is Dan Bailey, who finished in sixth place at the Game…
 
In late October 2011, Hybrid Athletics hosted nine CrossFitters from Israel for four days. The group made the trip specifically to work with box owner and strongman expert Rob Orlando. At the end of the visit, eight completed a Level 1 Seminar at the Stamford, Conn., affiliate. “We’ve practiced the kegs, the yoke, the farmer’s handles, the logs, th…
 
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